Make links between files.


ln [OPTION]... [-T] TARGET LINK_NAME (1st form)
ln [OPTION]... TARGET (2nd form)
ln [OPTION]... TARGET... DIRECTORY (3rd form)
ln [OPTION]... -t DIRECTORY TARGET... (4th form)


In the 1st form, create a link to TARGET with the name LINK_NAME. In the 2nd form, create a link to TARGET in the current directory. In the 3rd and 4th forms, create links to each TARGET in DIRECTORY. Create hard links by default, symbolic links with --symbolic. When creating hard links, each TARGET must exist.

Mandatory arguments to long options are mandatory for short options too.

--backup[=CONTROL] make a backup of each existing destination file

-b like --backup but does not accept an argument

-d, -F, --directory allow the superuser to attempt to hard link directories (note: will probably fail due to system restrictions, even for the superuser)

-f, --force remove existing destination files

-n, --no-dereference treat destination that is a symlink to a directory as if it were a normal file

-i, --interactive prompt whether to remove destinations

-s, --symbolic make symbolic links instead of hard links

-S, --suffix=SUFFIX override the usual backup suffix

-t, --target-directory=DIRECTORY specify the DIRECTORY in which to create the links

-T, --no-target-directory treat LINK_NAME as a normal file

-v, --verbose print name of each file before linking

--help display this help and exit

--version output version information and exit

The backup suffix is ‘~’, unless set with --suffix or SIMPLE_BACKUP_SUFFIX. The version control method may be selected via the --backup option or through the VERSION_CONTROL environment variable. Here are the values:

none, off never make backups (even if --backup is given)

numbered, t make numbered backups

existing, nil numbered if numbered backups exist, simple otherwise

simple, never always make simple backups


Written by Mike Parker and David MacKenzie.


Copyright © 2006 Free Software Foundation, Inc. This is free software. You may redistribute copies of it under the terms of the GNU General Public License. There is NO WARRANTY, to the extent permitted by law.