cat

Concatenate files and print on the standard output.

SYNOPSIS

cat [OPTION] [FILE]...

DESCRIPTION

Concatenate FILE(s), or standard input, to standard output.

-A, --show-all equivalent to -vET

-b, --number-nonblank number nonblank output lines

-e equivalent to -vE

-E, --show-ends display $ at end of each line

-n, --number number all output lines

-s, --squeeze-blank never more than one single blank line

-t equivalent to -vT

-T, --show-tabs display TAB characters as ^I

-u (ignored)

-v, --show-nonprinting use ^ and M- notation, except for LFD and TAB

--help display this help and exit

--version output version information and exit

With no FILE, or when FILE is -, read standard input.

EXAMPLES

cat f - g
Output f’s contents, then standard input, then g’s contents.

cat
Copy standard input to standard output.

AUTHOR

Written by Torbjorn Granlund and Richard M. Stallman.

REPORTING BUGS

Report bugs to bug-coreutils@gnu.org.

COPYRIGHT

Copyright © 2006 Free Software Foundation, Inc. This is free software. You may redistribute copies of it under the terms of the GNU General Public License. There is NO WARRANTY, to the extent permitted by law.

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